Japan Water Guard
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Ganges river is known worldwide as a sacred river but it is confronted with serious water problem. By carrying out the water purification strategies on India's symbol Ganges river, we can convey the activities by cleaning and not contaminating the water that will spread the importance of water all throughout India.
■Water crisis in India
In urban areas of India with the population increase, about 40million㎥ sewage is discharged on a daily basis, making it a big social problem. The sewage water treatment can not keep up with the population increase and urbanization. Contaminated and polluted water will flow as it is on the water source and many people are living with polluted river and groundwater. As a result, contaminated water brings severe health damages on people, unabling them to have a safe and healthy life.
Waterworks are undeveloped and there are many areas where tap water is only supplied for about several hours a day, the water in these areas are stored in the tanks of each of the houses and only used when necessary. Water is contaminated by the damage and deterioration of the water pipes and/or the storage tank itself is contaminated, the tap water from the faucet is not hygienically safe.
Depending on the area, sewage pipes and water pipes are installed together and when both of these pipes break, the mixing of sewage water and tap water has already occurred. A few years ago, the department of waterworks inspected tap water from the faucets of each house on India's capital New Delhi and bacteria were detected from about 20% of the polluted water that could infect cholera and typhoid fever because it is not hygienically safe.
Ganges river flowing through the northern part of India is about 2,500 km in total length, its headstream coming from the Himalayas, a big river with many tributaries and wide catchment area. For the Hindus that occupy the majority of Indians there is a legend that believe that the Ganga river is "the sacred river", flowing in the heavens and with the people's prayer, it has come down to the ground, catched and protected by god Shiva that it will not destroy the ground because of its massiveness.
The Ganges is a Hindu word called GANGA. Therefore, we use GANGA for the project name.
● Bathing place for people living in India
The Hindus believe that the water of Ganges river washes away all sins, by bathing (by washing the body with water to purify)is done in this river. On Ganges river, there is a large set of steps called Ghat, this is use to enter and surrender oneself into the river, while taking the bath, usually the men wear clothing wrapped around their waist and the women are in their sari.
Also, the Hindus believe that the water of Ganges river, 'will never rot', many people take water from Ganges to take home as a souvenir. Therefore, delivering the water of Ganges river to Hindus living on places far from it, makes them extremely happy.
However, in reality, the actual water of Ganges river is turbid, has a foul smell, the water quality index is also high and it is not a clean water at all.
● Worsening of water pollution
Due to recent economic development and population increase, the water pollution of Ganges river has become a big problem. In 2007, Ganges river was ranked 5th of the world's worst contaminated river, with large amount of garbage flowing in the river, turbid water and with foul smell. And because of the beliefs, custom and practices, drinking the water of Ganges river means contaminated water is directly taken into the human body and has serious effects on health damage. And since the polluted water is also used for agriculture and industrial use, the effects are growing indirectly.
Water pollution's serious impact is not only on humans but also on the ecosystem. Ganges river inhabits an endangered species, the Ganges dolphin, but its mass deaths are recently discovered and its numbers continue to decline, the government of India and the World Wildlife Organization is concerned of its extinction and they are aiming to protect them.
■ Cause of pollution
● Livelihood / Industrial wastewater
Wastewater treatment rate in India is very low at 10% and domestic wastewater is a major cause of water pollution. The 70 to 80% water pollution of the rivers in the urban areas is caused by domestic wastewater and 70% of Indian water surface is polluted.
In India, the regulations and countermeasures to manage industrial wastewater are delayed and the wastewater from many factories is discharged and flowing into the river. Therefore, the 14 major rivers and basins, so as the groundwater are all polluted.
Ganges river has a very important role to supply water to 40% of the Indian population but 80% of the water in Ganga is contaminated.
● Water Burial
Ganges river is a sacred river for the Hindus and that when they die, they are customed to return to the Mother River. Normally, the ashes are scattered on the river after cremation, but in some cases such as the death of children, pregnant women and accidental deaths, the dead bodies are shed without cremation. In 2015, more than 100 dead bodies are found in Ganges river. And because of poverty, they do not have the money for cremation and the dead bodies are burned with bonfire and the remains of these burned bodies are shed into the river.
■Narendra Modi's Mission To Clean Ganga
The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi has promised to clean the Ganga river. Until now, the river purification policies is being carried out but the results are not going up because of corruption and lack of control. According to the national budget draft that was announced in July 2014, 20.37 billion rupees(about 35.3 billion yen) is reported to be set for the Ganga project. In addition to not only clean Ganga river, it also carries a consilidation policy to supply water from the land rich in water to lands where water is scarce.
■ JWG Clean Ganga Project
Although the Ganga river is a holy river for the Hindus, the water pollution is a serious problem due to domesic wastewater, industrial wastewater and burial. In Clean Ganga Project, the activities will be in collaboration with the mission promoted by Prime Minister Modi, by working with the Indian people to enlighten and educate the right knowledge of water, its importance, to keep it clean and to spread the dissemination to bring the polluted water back to clean water again.
We will regenerate and make the holy water of Ganges river clean.
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