Japan Water Guard
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Global warming prevention
Global warming counter measures can be broadly divided into 2. Suppressing mitigation and adapting to global warming adaptation. Global warming caused by greenhouse gas emissions by the human race, suppressing mitagation is performed and adaption to the events that had happened. Global warming mitigation means suppressing the main source which is the greenhouse gas in the atmosphere, reducing its concentration. Various voluntary efforts and policies to mitigate global warming is currently being performed but it is still not enough to stop global warming and greenhouse gas emissions are still increasing.
In order to suppress the greenhouse gas and reduce its concentration on the atmosphere, it important to know its characteristics/its nature.Greenhouse gas is mostly made up of carbon dioxide from the combustion of fossil fuels to make energy,(generators,heat,power) for the industry,transportation and household consumptions, each sector should have their own counter measures to reduce greenhouse gas.Conserving energy such as carbon fixation, as a policy and technical aspect on larger scale areas, to build a low-carbon society to reduce grennhouse gas. These international framework efforts are being carried out voluntarily by the government, industrial companies and at homes.Further strengthening is expected.
Dinitrogen monoxide has 300 times higher effects than carbon dioxide,
generation suppression is necessary. Dinitrogen monoxide generates from
the process of nitrogen circulation of ammonia nitrogen NH4 → nitrite NO2・nitrate
NO3 → nitrogen N2. There is no efficient technology measures that has been
established. Nitrogen circulation in aerobic and anaerobic conditions with
the presence of nitric acid bacteria and denitrifying bacteria, it is difficult
to grasp the extent and the presence or absence of Dinitrogen monoxide
generation, so the measures is not uniform. Dinitrogen monoxide made by
human are the use of nitrogen fertilizers on farmlands and ammonia in wastewater
Dinitrogen monoxide N2O generation mechanism has also been carried out
in the same manner as in rivers and lakes. Ammonia nitrogen that flows
into rivers and lakes, nitrified in the oxygen in the water will accumulated
nitrite NO2 and nitrate NO3. In addition to the nitrate NO3 from agricultural
and household waste water, NO3 will be accumulated and will generate dinitrogen
monoxide. And if the bottom section of the water is anaerobic, methane
CH4 will generate.
★Generation suppression of dinitrogen monoxide by CarbonFiber
CarbonFiber water purification material with its large surface area for
microorganisms to adhere, will decompose and remove nutrients such as organic
matter, nitrogen and phosphorus. By placing the CarbonFiber in the water,
it will spread out and create a CarbonFiber mass creating anaerobic conditions
on the inside and denitrifying bacteria will adhere. Therefore, ammonia
nitrogen is nitrified in the surface by the nitrifying bacteria, nitrate
will be then decomposed to nitrogen and water. Nitrogen will diffused into
the atmosphere. In the CarbonFiber biofilm, the presence of the nitrifying
bacteria in aerobic conditions and denitrifying bacteria in anaerobic conditions,
nitrogen decomposition reaction is promptly carried out, the generation
of nitrous oxide, a greenhouse gas can be suppressed.
Carbon dioxide is a very significant circulation material on earth. It is an essential gas that supplies oxygen and helps the plants to grow.The mitigation of carbon dioxide is important to increase the circulation of oxygen, but the absorption of the trees and plants are important as well.The earth was once covered with rainforest.Southeast Asia,Central South America and Central Africa with large scale rainforest has adsorbed carbon dioxide and released oxygen.But after the Industrial Revolution,urbanization and agriculture development due to the increase of population,the forest are destroyed and devastated.The carbon dioxide absorption to produce oxygen abilities hasbeen reduced.In the recent years, there are efforts to bring back the forest but large scale developments has reduced the forest area,air pollution on emerging countries has prevented sunlight and it is impossible to bring back the earths capabilities to absorb carbon dioxide.
・Carbon dioxide absorption on the seas
Carbon dioxide artificially increased by humans,will dissolve in the sea. However, carbon dioxide makes the seawater acidic and will strongly interfere with the calcuim carbonate generation of the shells and skeleton of the sea organisms.It will adversely affect marine life.Therefore it is necessary to be absorbed by phyto-plankton and seaweeds. Photosynthetic plants in shallow waters will absorb carbon dioxide through photosynthesis, carbon will become solid and will emit oxygen.
The sea covers 70% of the earth. With the wide surface area of the sea, carbon dioxide is dissolved in large amounts. Carbon circulation abilities of the sea can be expected.However,phyto-plankton,seaweeds and seagrasses where sunlight can reach, and that primarily produce photosynthesis only live in the shallow waters.And it only covers a small part of the seas.Shallow waters with 50 m depth,(tideland,beach) covers only 0.06% of the seas, and if the circulation in these small areas will get worse,it will primarily reduce the marine environment production.
★Sea forest restoration projects
In the recent years, waters in the coastal areas with the progress on urbanization and agricultural development in the inland, are being improved by building dams and river banks to protect the basin.This made the minerals difficult to flow to the sea. The mineral source which is the forest,due to unplanned deforestation and forestry, is left without care and is devastated.Mineral iron that nurtures the forest will not be supplied to the sea, seaweeds will not re-produce and will reduce the function of photosynthesis.
Carbon fiber is a material made of carbon with great bilogical compatibility.With its large surface area and carbon fiber characteristics where seaweeds spores will easily adhere and difficult to remove. Spores on the sea will attach on the MiraCarbon Kombu as threads of seaweeds then will be germinated and will grow as a seedling.Therefore, by installing Miracarbon Kombu on the sea water "Sea Forest" will regenerate.
Souce：Our website, we have created this based on the datas of the Japan National Institue for Environmental Studies Greenhouse Gas Inventory Office and the Japan National Global Warming Prevention Activity Promotion Center.
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